The Sikh Religion (2)

Guru Nanak Dev was the founder of Sikh religion and is popularly known as the first Guru of the Sikhs. Guru is derived from Sanskrit and means “one who removes darkness (of ignorance).” Before passing away , Guru Nanak passed on the Divine Light to one of his disciples, Bhai Lehna. He embraced Bhai Lehna and rechristened him as “Angad”. Sikhs called him Guru Angad Dev ji, the second Guru (or master).

There were eight more Gurus (masters) to whom the Divine Light was passed on successively. The ten masters in sequence are:
1. Guru Nanak Dev
2.Guru Angad Dev
3. Guru Amar Daas
4.Guru Ram Daas
5. Guru Arjun Dev
6. Guru Hargobind
7. Guru Har Rai
8. Guru Harikrishan
9. Guru Tegh Bahadur
10. Guru Gobind Singh
The last master Guru Gobind Singh, discontinued the practice of embodied master-ship and passed on the Light to the Holy scripture Of the Sikhs, then known as the “Adi granth”. This book is now called the living guru by the Sikhs.
(to be continued)img_20161012_094507


The Sikh Religion

Sikh religion, also known as Sikhi in Punjabi and Sikhism in English, is one of the most recent organised religions in human history. The word Sikh is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Shishya’ and is loosely translated as learner/student! Sikhs believe that it was founded by Guru Nanak Dev who was born in a village of undivided Punjab, Rai Bhoe di Talwandi in Shekhupura, now in Pakistan in the year 1469. This place is now known as Nankana Sahib after the great prophet.Mehta Kalyan Daas was a revenue officer (Patwar) in the employment of Rai Bular, incharge of the area. His father was Mehta Kalyan Daas, popularly known as Mehta Kalu in Sikh folklore, and his mother was Mata Tripta. He was born a Khatri, a caste that is placed at number two in the Hindu caste hierarchy. However beginning at an early age, he opposed the caste or any hierarchy based on birth. He believed and propagated that the status of a person should be determined by his deeds and not by birth.
Sikhs belive that Nanak was a born Guru, who had been bestowed with guru ship by God Almighty Himself. AS such it is considered to be 550years old! And Sikhs are going to celebrate the occasion with gusto next year. By definition, a Sikh is supposed to be a learner lifelong! (to be continued)