Guru Nanak Dev was the founder of Sikh religion and is popularly known as the first Guru of the Sikhs. Guru is derived from Sanskrit and means “one who removes darkness (of ignorance).” Before passing away , Guru Nanak passed on the Divine Light to one of his disciples, Bhai Lehna. He embraced Bhai Lehna and rechristened him as “Angad”. Sikhs called him Guru Angad Dev ji, the second Guru (or master).
There were eight more Gurus (masters) to whom the Divine Light was passed on successively. The ten masters in sequence are:
1. Guru Nanak Dev
2.Guru Angad Dev
3. Guru Amar Daas
4.Guru Ram Daas
5. Guru Arjun Dev
6. Guru Hargobind
7. Guru Har Rai
8. Guru Harikrishan
9. Guru Tegh Bahadur
10. Guru Gobind Singh
The last master Guru Gobind Singh, discontinued the practice of embodied master-ship and passed on the Light to the Holy scripture Of the Sikhs, then known as the “Adi granth”. This book is now called the living guru by the Sikhs.
(to be continued)
Sikh religion, also known as Sikhi in Punjabi and Sikhism in English, is one of the most recent organised religions in human history. The word Sikh is derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Shishya’ and is loosely translated as learner/student! Sikhs believe that it was founded by Guru Nanak Dev who was born in a village of undivided Punjab, Rai Bhoe di Talwandi in Shekhupura, now in Pakistan in the year 1469. This place is now known as Nankana Sahib after the great prophet.Mehta Kalyan Daas was a revenue officer (Patwar) in the employment of Rai Bular, incharge of the area. His father was Mehta Kalyan Daas, popularly known as Mehta Kalu in Sikh folklore, and his mother was Mata Tripta. He was born a Khatri, a caste that is placed at number two in the Hindu caste hierarchy. However beginning at an early age, he opposed the caste or any hierarchy based on birth. He believed and propagated that the status of a person should be determined by his deeds and not by birth.
Sikhs belive that Nanak was a born Guru, who had been bestowed with guru ship by God Almighty Himself. AS such it is considered to be 550years old! And Sikhs are going to celebrate the occasion with gusto next year. By definition, a Sikh is supposed to be a learner lifelong! (to be continued)
Today was a nice day. Why? It is difficult to explain. Just feeling it was nice. May be because I was able to meet two friends after a long time. Particularly one whose wife is undergoing chemotherapy treatment for sometime. Just happened to pass that way when I rang him if he was home! The smile on his face on seeing me made my day. I realize it is very difficult for such people to call or visit anybody. Let us make a habit of taking the initiative and meet such suffering acquaintances because they will not be able to take the initiative!.
Probably the legendary scientist did not believe in God but to those who believed, he was the living evidence of the existence of God. Although miracles occur every day for the believers, Hawking was a miracle even for non-believers, Diagnosed with ALS at the age of 21 years, and given only two years, he lived a meaningfully productive life till the age of 76! No, he did not live in a vegetative state. He was undoubtedly the most outstanding scientist on black holes and quantum theory. His efforts to synthesize both the theories required a brilliant brain which he had and used to the fullest capacity. He died a satisfied man. If this is not a miracle, what else can be?
Words fail me to describe the legendary scientist who was so positive despite his non-curable and progressive disability! Modern day man has to learn a lot from him!
It is a story of little sparrow which most of you might have heard. The little sparrow was standing on beach of a giant ocean, hardly visible against the blue expanse. It was time and again dipping its tail into the water of the ocean and taking it out striking in the already wet sand. The process went on and on! Someone observing the action asked her as to what she was doing!
“I am trying to empty the ocean”
Surprised, the observer said “what you can never do it”!
“I know that,” pat came the reply.
“Then why you are wasting your time”?
“Lest I am blamed that I did not try”.
Most of us fail to take an action prejudging our failure to succeed. But we must learn that an effort for change has to be made without thinking of the results. A single action may motivate others to join in, and who knows, the ocean may be emptied!
The action of the four Supreme Court judges has to be seen in that perspective. They have done a great service to the nation and made their little contribution for the sake of saving democracy in India. Are there people who can join in in to save the important pilaar of democracy?